GDC/Cross Compiler/crosstool-NG

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First things first

Read the crosstool-NG website

Have a look at and see if crosstool-NG fits you needs (Architecture, C library, OS, ...).

Install crosstool-NG

Download crosstool-NG from . Install as described on it's homepage.

Read the documentation

crosstool-NG includes some useful documentation in it's source tarball. Have a look at the "docs" directory.

Build a C cross compiler

Before even trying to build a D cross compiler, built a C cross compiler with the desired configuration. Creating cross compilers is difficult, so you should first get a simple C compiler working before trying to build D.

Obtaining GDC sources

Checkout GDC

First clone the git repository. We'll use the gdc-4.7 branch.

mkdir -p gdc/dev
git clone gdc/dev
cd gdc/dev
git checkout gdc-4.7
cd ../

Get GCC sources

Grab GCC sources from a mirror. You will need the full gcc archives. Unpack the archives in the gdc dir. This creates something like gdc/gcc-4.7.1. If you want to keep the original GCC sources, rename the gcc-4.7.1 tarball.

Patch GCC sources

cd gdc/dev
./ ../gcc-4.7.1
cd ../

Package GCC sources

We'll now package the GCC sources again, so we'll have a ready to use GCC gcc-4.7.1.tar.bz2 source tarball with the GDC sources included.

tar -hcjf gcc-4.7.1.tar.bz2 gcc-4.7.1/

Configure crosstool-NG for D

We assume you already have a configuration for your target system which produces a working C compiler so you only need to add D support.

Make crosstool-NG use our patched sources

Start ct-ng menuconfig. Select Paths and misc options, Local tarballs directory and enter the path to the directory which contains the patched GCC sources: /home/jpf/gdc. Also make sure Try features marked as EXPERIMENTAL is set. Select C compiler in the main menu and make sure GCC version is set to 4.7.1

Enable D language

Go to C compiler, select Other languages and enter d

Disabling druntime & phobos

If druntime & phobos do not yet compile for your target you can disable them:

Start ct-ng menuconfig, go to "C compiler" and add "--disable-libphobos" to "Core gcc extra config" and "gcc extra config".

Build the cross compiler

We have to make sure crosstool-NG uses our new sources instead of reusing already extracted or downloaded sources. So if you've already built a plain C cross compiler in your working directory, you'll have to delete the extracted / downloaded sources:

rm .build/src/.gcc-4.7.1.extracted
rm .build/src/.gcc-4.7.1.patched
rm .build/tarballs/gcc-4.7.1.tar.bz2
rm -rf .build/src/gcc-4.7.1

Build it

ct-ng build

Running the test suite

The object directory in which you'll run make check is ".build/TARGET-TRIPLET/build/build-cc-final/" relative to the folder where you ran ct-ng build. An example would be .build/arm-unknown-linux-gnueabihf/build/build-cc-final/.

Change to this directory then follow GDC/Test_Suite#Testing_Cross-compilers.

Compiler GDC