Difference between revisions of "DIP56"

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|Preliminarily approved post 2.067

Revision as of 22:11, 4 February 2015

Title: Provide pragma to control function inlining
DIP: 56
Version: 0
Status: Preliminarily approved post 2.067
Created: 2014-02-23
Last Modified: 2015-02-03
Author: Walter Bright


This proposal uses pragmas to add inlining instructions to the compiler.


Sometimes generating better code requires runtime profile information. But being a static compiler, not a JIT, the compiler could use such hints from the programmer.


This adds a pragma 'inline', which is followed by an optional boolean expression, which influences the inlining of the function it appears in. An evaluation of 'true' means always inline, 'false' means never inline, and no argument means the default behavior, as indicated in the command line.

If this pragma is outside of a function, it affects the functions in the block it encloses.

Nested pragmas override the outer ones.

If there are multiple pragmas inside a function, the lexically last one that is semantically analyzed controls the behavior.

If the pragma is versioned out or in a false static if conditional, it is ignored.

If a pragma specifies always inline, and the compiler cannot inline it, a warning will be generated. Implementations will likely vary in their ability to inline.

These are not attributes because they should not affect the semantics of the function. In particular, the function signature must not be affected.


pragma(inline, true);  // always inline
pragma(inline, false); // never inline
pragma(inline);        // revert to default behavior


This document has been placed in the Public Domain.